Llama (Lama glama), above anything else, are used as pets and companions because of their easy-going temperament and intelligence. Others, however, are used as pack animals in mountainous regions, sometimes carrying up to 75 pounds on their back over 20 miles. For the most part, Llamas are willing pack animals, unless the weight on their back is simply too much — then, they won’t move.
Llamas weigh up to 300 pounds and stand about 6-feet high when they’re full-grown at about two or three years of age. Llamas graze on grass, like cows and horses, and need very little water. They only need 10 to 20 percent of the feed of a horse and only eat once a day.
The male llama reaches sexual maturity at about three years of age. The females’ period of pregnancy is usually about 11 months, and she will usually have only one young. The llama’s life span is between 15 and 20 years.
Fun Llama Facts
- A llama can usually stand within an hour after birth.
- Llamas will spit if they want something or someone to leave them alone.
Oklahoma State University